Federal Resources

EPA Fact Sheets

Frequently Asked Questions about Drycleaning (PDF) (246K/8pp)
Order EPA 744-K-98-002
This plain English document answers a number of frequently asked questions about drycleaning.

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants from Perchloroethylene Drycleaning Facilities Final Rule Fact Sheet
Issued by Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards (1996).

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Federal Guidance

EPA Final Health Assessment for Tetrachloroethylene (Perc)
EPA posted the final health assessment for tetrachloroethylene - also known as perchloroethylene, or perc - to EPA's Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) database on February 10, 2012. Confirming longstanding scientific understanding and research, the final assessment characterizes perc as a "likely human carcinogen." The assessment provides estimates for both cancer and non-cancer effects associated with exposure to perc over a lifetime. The assessment replaces the 1988 IRIS assessment for perc and for the first time includes a hazard characterization for cancer effects. A fact sheet is also available.

OSWER Draft Guidance for Evaluating the Vapor Intrusion to Indoor Air Pathway from Groundwater and Soils (Subsurface Vapor Intrusion Guidance)
EPA issued a draft guidance that provides current technical and policy recommendations on determining if the vapor intrusion pathway poses an unacceptable risk to human health at cleanup sites. Vapor intrusion is a rapidly developing field of science and policy. This draft guidance is intended to aid in evaluating the potential for human exposure from this pathway given the state-of-the-science at this time.

Cleaner Technologies Substitututes Assessment for Professional Fabricare Processes (PDF) (1.9MB/452pp)
Order EPA 744-B-98-001
Provides comparative cost, risk, and performance information on professional fabricare technologies.

Plain English Guide for Perc Drycleaners (PDF) (1.0MB/85pp)
Order EPA 305-B-96-002
Describes in everyday language what regulations apply to perc dry cleaners, as well as how to comply with the rules.

AP-42 Dry Cleaning Chapter (PDF) (90K/6pp)
Addresses emission factors for dry cleaners, from AP-42, a Federal guidance on emission factors.

National Emission Standards for Perchloroethylene Drycleaning Facilities
Information on legislation about emissions standards for Perchloroethylene at Drycleaning facilities.

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Federal Websites

U.S. EPA Region 4 Air, Pesticides & Toxics Management Division
Contains Fact Sheets and Final Rules related to drycleaning air emissions.

A Simple Guide to Perc Drycleaning Rules
Maintained by the Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, U.S. EPA.

Pollution Prevention Guide
Maintained by Enviro$en$e, U.S. EPA.

Design for the Environment (DfE) Garment and Textile Care Program
This expanding program will be developed by involving representatives from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA's) DfE Garment Care Program, stakeholders from industry, labor, community action, environmental, trade associations, and research organizations.

Commercial Services
Resources maintained by the Chemical, Commercial Services and Municipal Division of EPA's Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance.

Compliance and Sector Notebook, Profile of the Dry Cleaning Industry
The EPA's Office of Compliance has developed a series of profiles or notebooks containing information on selected major industrial groups. These notebooks, which focus on key indicators that holistically present air, water, and land pollutant release data, have been thoroughly reviewed by experts from both inside and outside the EPA.

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
This site provides a searchable bibliographic database of drycleaning-related occupational safety and health publications, documents, grant reports, and journal articles, supported in whole or in part by NIOSH.

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