State Programs and Resources
State Drycleaner Programs
Alabama Drycleaning Environmental Response Trust Fund (DERTF)
The Alabama Drycleaning Environmental Response Trust Fund (DERTF) was passed by the Alabama Legislature in May 2000. The Act created a self-insurance program for drycleaners and wholesale distributors of drycleaning agents to cover some of the costs of assessment and remediation of environmental contamination by drycleaning agents. The law also established performance standards for drycleaners, the creation of a DERTF governing board, and a means for the collection of fees and the disbursement of funds. Criteria were also established to allow abandoned facilities and impacted third parties to participate in the program. In order to participate in the program, members are required to pay an annual registration fee into the Fund which is based on their status as outlined in the Act. Participation in the DERTF program is voluntary, but coverage for environmental cleanup is only extended to members.
Connecticut Drycleaning Establishment Remediation Program
The Connecticut Drycleaning Establishment Remediation Program provides grants to eligible drycleaning establishments for the cleanup, containment, or mitigation of pollution resulting from releases of tetrachloroethylene (PCE), Stoddard solvent, or other chemicals used in drycleaning. The grants may also be used for measures undertaken to prevent such pollution, and for providing safe drinking water when necessary.
Environmental Response Trust Fund
The Illinois Drycleaner Environmental Response Trust Fund was established by the Illinois legislature in 1997, in response to requests by operators of retail drycleaning facilities to have financial resources available to pay for the cleanup of spills and/or leaks from their drycleaning machines and solvent storage units.
Drycleaning Solvent Cleanup Program
The Florida Legislature has established a state-funded program to cleanup properties that are contaminated as a result of the operations of a drycleaning facility or wholesale supply facility (Chapter 376, Florida Statutes). The program is administered by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (Department). The statute was sponsored by the drycleaning industry to address environmental, economic, and liability issues resulting from drycleaning solvent contamination. The program limits the liability of the owner, operator and real property owner of drycleaning or wholesale supply facilities for cleanup of drycleaning solvent contamination if the parties meet the conditions stated in the law.
Kansas Drycleaning Program
The Kansas Drycleaner Environmental Response Act created the Kansas Drycleaning Program, which addresses facility registration, pollution prevention, and soil and ground water contamination at retail drycleaning facilities. A Drycleaning Facility Release Trust Fund was developed as a funding mechanism for conducting state-led investigations and remediation of soil and ground water contamination at sites that have applied and been accepted into the Drycleaning Facility Release Trust Fund.
Control Agency Drycleaner Fund
The Minnesota Legislature, working with drycleaners' trade associations and the MPCA, established the Drycleaner Environmental Response and Reimbursement Account (Drycleaner Fund) in 1995. The law provides a means to pay for the cleanup of soil, ground-water or surface-water contamination at drycleaning facilities. Under the Drycleaner Fund, most drycleaning facilities that provided services to the general public may apply for reimbursement for their investigation and cleanup work. Annual registration fees paid by drycleaning facilities, as well as solvent fees collected by retailers of particular drycleaning chemicals, will be used to finance the Drycleaner Fund.
Missouri Drycleaner Environmental Response Trust (DERT) Fund
This program was established by Senate Bill 577 and authorized in August 2000 in Missouri's Revised Statutes (RSMo 260.920). The DERT fund provides money for investigation, assessment and remediation of releases of solvents from drycleaning facilities. All drycleaning facilities, including coin operated drycleaners, are subject to the requirements of this statute.
North Carolina Dry-Cleaning Solvent Cleanup Act Program
The voluntary DSCA Program, under direction from the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources and its Division of Waste Management, administers a fund to assess and remediate contamination at drycleaning and wholesale distribution sites.
Oregon's Dry Cleaner
The 1995 Oregon Legislature established a new dry cleaner environmental program. In exchange for liability relief from cleanups and cleanup costs, dry cleaners pay fees that go into a fund used to clean up solvent contamination at dry cleaner sites. The law protects dry cleaners, under specified circumstances, from individually having to pay for environmental damage caused by the use of dry cleaning solvents at their dry cleaning establishments.
South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control: Brownfields and Drycleaning Programs
The South Carolina Drycleaning Facility Restoration Trust Fund was established by the South Carolina legislature in 1995, in response to requests by operators of retail drycleaning facilities to have financial resources available to pay for the cleanup of spills and/or leaks from their drycleaning machines and solvent storage units. The Brownfields and Drycleaning Programs oversee the assessment and remediation of drycleaning sites statewide.
Drycleaner Environmental Response Program
The Drycleaner Environmental Response Program establishes a "fund" made up of annual registration fees collected from the owner/operator of drycleaning facilities and surcharges on drycleaning solvent. The Tennessee Fabricare Association (TFA) was instrumental in drafting the legislation. The purpose of the program is to identify and cleanup sites contaminated with solvents from drycleaning operations. There are estimates that as many as 80% of drycleaning facilities have some degree of contamination.
Texas Dry Cleaning Remediation Program
The Texas Dry Cleaning Remediation Program (DCRP) was established by law in September 2003. The law established new environmental standards for dry cleaners and a remediation fund to assist with remediation of contamination caused by dry cleaning solvents. The program is implemented by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ). The law requires all dry cleaning drop stations and facilities to register with the TCEQ. Many of these dry cleaners also will be required to pay annual registration and solvent fees and to implement new performance standards at their facilities. In addition, the law requires distributors of dry cleaning solvents to collect fees on the sale of dry cleaning solvent and send the fees to the TCEQ.
Department of Natural Resources Dry Cleaning Environmental
Wisconsin Act 27, the 1997-1999 budget bill, created a new funding program designed by industry to reimburse dry cleaners for a portion of their costs associated with responding to, investigating and remediating contamination caused by releases of dry cleaning solvents. The program is funded by fees on dry cleaners, including an annual licensing fee of 1.8% of their gross receipts from dry cleaning operations, as well as a fee to sellers of dry cleaning solvents based on the amount of dry cleaning solvents sold.
The Illinois Drycleaner
Star Recognition Program
The Illinois Drycleaner Star Recognition Program™ is a special three level program to recognize drycleaners in Illinois who have achieved compliance with federal, state and local environmental and safety requirements.
Interstate Technology Regulatory Council
ITRC is a state-led coalition working together with industry and stakeholders to achieve regulatory acceptance of environmental technologies. ITRC consists of 40 states, the District of Columbia, multiple federal partners, industry participants, and other stakeholders, cooperating to break down barriers and reduce compliance costs, making it easier to use new technologies, and helping states maximize resources.
Small Business Assistance Program, Dry Cleaner Partnership
Minnesota dry cleaners have received help from the SBAP since the U.S. EPA proposed the dry cleaning NESHAP in 1992. In partnership with the Minnesota Technical Assistance Program (MnTAP), SBAP has conducted compliance workshops and site visits. Since then, many dry cleaners have voluntarily reduced perchloroethylene emissions, which eliminated the need for Minnesota to adopt more stringent emission limits.
Dry Cleaning / Wet Cleaning
Contains fact sheets on dealing with Hazardous Waste produced by Dry Cleaning.